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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2009 > Volume 8 Number 3 > M.A. Babiker1, A. Tawfeig2, I.E. Yahia1 and K. Noura1

Mortality and Diseases Status in Layer Chicken Flocks Reared in Traditional Farms in Khartoum-Sudan

M.A. Babiker1, A. Tawfeig2, I.E. Yahia1 and K. Noura1
1Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Science, University of Bahr El Ghazal, Khartoum North, Elmawna Road, Elshabbia, West to Ahmed Gasim Hospital, Sudan 2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum, Shmbat, Sudan
Abstract :

Ten poultry flocks of layer chicks were followed up and monitored during the first 16 weeks in Khartoum-Sudan. The management, diseases status and the mortality during this period were recorded. through direct visits. Each flock was visited at least once a week. Information were collected from a veterinarian supervising the flock and the flock owner as well using data sheet and semi-structured interview. The management including housing, hygiene measures, vaccination practices, diseases occurred and mortality were observed and recorded. The diseases and conditions causing mortality were found to be;
Newcastle Disease (ND), Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD), Salmonellosis, Coccidiosis, Chronic  Respiratory Disease (CRD), Tape Worms and different physical conditions (accidental death) which occupied 41.24, 25.9, 2.6, 4.93, 1.84, 1.66 and 11.42% of the total mortality respectively. These diseases caused mortality rates ranged as follows: ND = 7.77-43.47%, IBD = 16.32-24.44%, Salmonellosis = 1.6-10.78%, CRD = 1.11- 5.59%, Coccidiosis = 2.88-6.41%, Tape Worms = 0.2-5.5% and physical conditions = 0.56-10.88%.

Keywords :
Mortality diseases, layer chicks, chronic respiratory disease

Date Deposited : 05 Jul 2011 11:05

Last Modified : 05 Jul 2011 11:05

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Volume 8, Number 3, - 2009 , ISSN 1682-8356

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