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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2009 > Volume 8 Number 11 > A.O. Ogbe1*, U. Ditse1, I. Echeonwu1, K. Ajodoh1, S.E. Atawodi2 and P.A. Abdu3

Potential of a Wild Medicinal Mushroom, Ganoderma Sp., as Feed Supplement in Chicken Diet: Effect on Performance and Health of Pullets

A.O. Ogbe1*, U. Ditse1, I. Echeonwu1, K. Ajodoh1, S.E. Atawodi2 and P.A. Abdu3
1Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria 2Department of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Zaria, Nigeria 3Department of Veterinary Surgery and Medicine, ABU, Zaria, Nigeria
Abstract :

Proximate and chemical composition of a wild mushroom, Ganoderma sp was evaluated. The phytochemical analysis showed it contained carbohydrates and reducing sugars, steroids, cardiac glycosides, saponins and resins. Proximate analysis revealed crude protein (13.3%±0.2), crude fibre
(34.7%±6.4), fats (2.6%±0.3), calcium (0.4%±0.1) and phosphorus (0.3%±0.0). Acidic amino acids  (glutamic and aspartic acid) (6.2 g%±1.4 and 5.6 g%± 0.1) and sulphur containing amino acids (cystine and methionine) (1.5 g%±1.3 and 0.7 g%±0.1) were also detected. Of all the essential amino acids detected in the mushroom, leucine was higher (5.3 g%±0.9), followed by phenylalanine (3.7 g%±0.5), alanine (3.3 g%±0.1), isoleucine (3.1g%±0.1), valine (3.0 g%±0.2), lysine (3.0 g%±0.6) and threonine (2.0 g%±0.1). Histidine (1.7 g%±0.3) and methionine (0.7 g%±0.1) were the least. Supplemented diets showed higher leucine content followed by phenylalanine, alanine, isoleucine, valine, lysine, threonine, histidine and methionine. Pullets fed these diets showed improved performance in weight gain and health. The physical qualities of eggs laid by the birds were not affected. Although, feed intake did not show significant difference in all the groups (p>0.05) but the feed to gain ratio was better in A (3.3) and B (3.4) than C (3.5) and D (3.6). This showed supplementation with the mushroom resulted in better feed efficiency and the effect is dose dependent. It was concluded that this mushroom can be a valuable source of feed supplement to improve performance and health.

Keywords :
Mushroom, chemical and nutritional constituents, feed supplement, chickens

Date Deposited : 06 Jul 2011 13:21

Last Modified : 06 Jul 2011 13:21

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Volume 8, Number 11, - 2009 , ISSN 1682-8356

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