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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2008 > Volume 7 Number 12 > Q. Asgari1, F. Akrami Mohajeri2, M. Kalantari1, B. Esmaeilzadeh1, A. Farzaneh1, M. Moazeni2, S.R. Ghalebi2, F. Saremi2, M. Zarifi Kalyani2 and M.H. Motazedian1

Chicken Toxoplasmosis in Different Types of Breeding: A Seroprevalence Survey in Southern Iran

Q. Asgari1, F. Akrami Mohajeri2, M. Kalantari1, B. Esmaeilzadeh1, A. Farzaneh1, M. Moazeni2, S.R. Ghalebi2, F. Saremi2, M. Zarifi Kalyani2 and M.H. Motazedian1
1Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran 2Department of Parasitology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract :

Since the meat of chicken is considered one of the sources of the human infection, this study was undertaken to compare the prevalence of toxoplasmosis in free-ranging with semi-industrial and industrial
chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) in Shiraz, Southern, Iran. 203 serum samples from free-ranging
chickens of sub-urban districts, 50 serum samples of semi-industrial chickens which rearing in restricted
location and 444 serum samples of industrial chickens from slaughters were collected and tested for
toxoplasmosis by IFAT. Overall the rate of Toxoplasma infection in chicken was 10.04%. The prevalence of
toxoplasmosis among free-ranging chickens was 27.1% but the rate in semi-industrial and industrial
chickens was 12% and 2.02% respectively. The rate of seropositive chickens in titers of 1/16, 1/32, 1/64,
1/128, 1/256 and 1/512 was 5.88 %, 2.44 %, 1 %, 0.57 %, 0 %and 0.14 % respectively. Considering the high prevalence of toxoplasmosis in chickens, in the regions under study, control measures should be taken to prevent transmission of the infection to the animals and humans by Health and Veterinary organizations.

Keywords :
Breeding, chicken, Iran, seroprevalence, toxoplasmosis

Date Deposited : 13 Jul 2011 11:20

Last Modified : 13 Jul 2011 11:20

Official URL: http://www.pjbs.org/ijps/ijps.htm

Volume 7, Number 12, - 2008 , ISSN 1682-8356

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