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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2007 > Volume 6 Number 1 > E.A. Etuk1, D.I. Agom1, M.A. Isika2* and I.C. Idiong1

Resource Use Efficiency of Broiler Enterprises in Cross River State, South Eastern Nigeria

E.A. Etuk1, D.I. Agom1, M.A. Isika2* and I.C. Idiong1
1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Calabar, Nigeria 2Department of Animal Science, Faulty of Agriculture, University of Calabar, Nigeria
Abstract :

A study was conducted to estimate broiler production functions based on data obtained from broiler enterprises around the Calabar municipality of Cross River State, South Eastern Nigeria. The data were analyzed using the mean difference model as well as the ordinary least square’s regression methods
to estimate linear, double log, exponential and semi-log functions. The linear model provided the lead
equations for the first four and second four weeks, while the double log model provided the lead equation
for the entire eight weeks of rearing broilers. The study showed that the mean feed intake per bird, body
mass gain and mortality rate of birds in the surveyed area differed (P<0.05) significantly between the first and second four weeks of the rearing periods. The models revealed that 97, 92, and 98% of the total variations in broiler mass gain were selected explanatory variables during the study periods. In addition, feed intake and floor space affected (P<0.05) mass gain positively, while mortality rate had a negative effect. The marginal value product (MVP) was more than the cost of 1kg of feed during the study period. It was concluded, that broilers production in the Calabar municipality required more feed and floor space to
optimize mass gain, while the evident higher marginal value product compared to feed cost was indicative
of irrational use of feed resource by farmers.

Keywords :
Resource use, semi-log functions, feed intake, mass gain, broilers

Date Deposited : 14 Jul 2011 10:51

Last Modified : 14 Jul 2011 10:51

Official URL: http://www.pjbs.org/ijps/ijps.htm

Volume 6, Number 1, - 2007 , ISSN 1682-8356

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