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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2007 > Volume 6 Number 6 > M.B. Abubakar2*, A.G. Ambali1 and T. Tamjdo1

Rural Chicken Production: Effects of Gender on Ownership, and Management Responsibilities in Some Parts of Nigeria and Cameroon

M.B. Abubakar2*, A.G. Ambali1 and T. Tamjdo1
1Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria 2Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Abstract :

A study was carried out to investigate on the ownership pattern and involvement in rearing activities
of family members among the various household in West Province of Cameroon and some parts of Borno state, Nigeria. This survey focused mainly on the effects of gender on ownership and management responsibilities. With regards to gender and flock ownership pattern the study showed that women and children owned the majority of flocks (53% and 27%) in West Province of Cameroon respectively, whereas, men accounted for 20% ownership, however, the reverse was found to be the case in Borno state where men possessed (56%) followed by women (39%) and children (11%). Although all gender categories were involved in village chicken rearing activities, children had the highest responsibilities and these include shutting down the chicken in at night and letting the chicken out in the morning in West Province of Cameroon, while in Borno state is the women that has the highest responsibilities. Feeding, watering and hygiene maintenance were found to be combined responsibilities of women and children in both areas. The village chickens were housed mostly in the Kitchen (53%) in the West Province of Cameroon, whereas in Borno state mud /thatch house is the commonly used (32%) form of shelter for birds. In terms of supplementary feeds given to the village chickens maize and food scraps were mostly given in West Province of Cameroon, while millet bran followed by maize and food scrap/millet were predominantly used in Borno state Nigeria in that order. The study further showed that village chickens were not kept in specialized housing, they were often provided with simple structure to protect them from weather elements. Women and children are found to be the most convenient and the fastest means of channeling technology for improving rural chicken production in the study area.

Keywords :
Rural chicken, gender, ownership and management responsibilities, Nigeria and Cameroon

Date Deposited : 15 Jul 2011 10:07

Last Modified : 15 Jul 2011 10:07

Official URL: http://www.pjbs.org/ijps/ijps.htm

Volume 6, Number 6, - 2007 , ISSN 1682-8356

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