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.: Home > International Journal of Medical Sciences > 2010 > Volume 7 Number 2 > Li-ming Ruan, Wei CaiJun-zhu Chen, Jin-feng Duan

Effects of Losartan on expression of connexins at the early stage of atherosclerosis in rabbits

Li-ming Ruan, Wei CaiJun-zhu Chen, Jin-feng Duan
Abstract :

Aim: to investigate effects of Losartan on expression of connexin 40 and 43 (Cx40 and Cx43), in arteries at the early stage of atherosclerosis in a rabbit model. Methods: A total of 28 male New Zealand white rabbits were divided into following groups: control group, high fat diet group, and Losartan group (10 mg/kg/day). Losartan was administrated in food for two weeks. Iliac arteries were obtained for immunohistochemistry, transmission electron microscopy, Western blot, and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results: Transmission electron microscopy revealed abundant gap junctions between
neointimal smooth muscle cells (SMCs), which were markedly reduced by treatment. RT-PCR and Western blot assay showed that the mRNA and protein expression of Cx40 and Cx43 were elevated in the neointimal area at the early stage of atherosclerosis. The mRNA and protein expression of Cx43 were significantly down-regulated by losartan treatment but those of Cx40 were not markedly changed. Conclusion: Cx40 and Cx43 in the neointimal SMCs were up-regulated at the early stage of atherosclerosis. Losartan (an angiotensin- converting enzyme inhibitor) could reduce neointima proliferation and down-regulate the elevated protein expression of Cx43, suggesting the rennin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in the remodeling of gap junction between ventricular myocytes under pathological conditions

Keywords :
vascular proliferation; gap junction; connexin; balloon angioplasty; statin

Date Deposited : 27 Jul 2011 09:23

Last Modified : 27 Jul 2011 09:23

Official URL: http://www.medsci.org/archive

Volume 7, Number 2, - 2010 , ISSN 1449-1907

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