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.: Home > Animal Science Papers and Reports > 2007 > Volume 25 Number 1 > Magdalena Zatoٌ-Dobrowolska1*, J. بitek2, Andrzej Filistowicz3, V. طehout2, Tadeusz Szulc3

Genetic distance between the Polish Red, Czech Red and German Red cattle estimated based on selected loci of protein coding genes and DNA microsatellite sequences

Magdalena Zatoٌ-Dobrowolska1*, J. بitek2, Andrzej Filistowicz3, V. طehout2, Tadeusz Szulc3
1 Department of Genetics and Animal Breeding, Wroc.aw University of Environmental and Life Sciences**, Ko.uchowska 7, 51-631 Wroc.aw, Poland 2 Faculty of Agriculture, University of South Bohemia, Studentska 13, 370 05 .eske Bud.jovice, Czech Republic 3 Institute of Animal Breeding, Wroc.aw University of Environmental and Life Sciences**, Che.mo.skiego 38c, 51-630 Wroc.aw, Poland
Abstract :

The investigations covered the representatives of three red cattle breeds: Polish Red (PR, n = 65),
Czech Red (CR, n = 54) and German Red (GR, n = 28). The allele frequency was analysed for
five protein genes: CSN3, LGB, GH, PRL and Pit-1 as well as 13 microsatellite sequences. In the
populations of PR and GR cattle the frequencies of protein loci were similar, with a clearly marked
domination of one allele. Only in the CR cattle, allele frequencies were similar for all the protein
loci analysed (with the exception of Pit-1) with no clear dominance of any one allele. Out of the 13
microsatellite sequences analysed six showed a similar distribution of the allele frequencies in all
three breeds, while the remaining ones were characterized by a wide variation. On the basis of the
results obtained the genetic distance was estimated between breeds. The smallest genetic distance
was observed between the PR and GR population. In turn, between the PR and CR as well as CR
and GR populations, the genetic distance proved to be similar, the most similar being obtained on
the basis of Nei method.

Keywords :
cattle / genetic distance / microsatellite sequences / polymorphism / protein coding genes

Date Deposited : 08 Aug 2011 12:10

Last Modified : 08 Aug 2011 12:10

Official URL: http://www.ighz.edu.pl/

Volume 25, Number 1, - 2007

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