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International Journal of English Language Education

Aspects of Francophone Cameroon English Inflectional Morphology: The Case of the –s Inflection

Marcel Jaff Fornkwa
Catholic University of Cameroon, Bamenda P.O. BOX 782, Bamenda, Cameroon
Abstract :
This study examines the use of the –s inflection by Francophone learners of English in 
Cameroon. Focus is on analysing the use of this inflection in the verbs and nouns that these 
learners use in their English essays, in order to determine the frequency of its use, the various 
difficulties faced by learners, and the strategies employed to overcome these difficulties; so 
as to determine the general trend in the use of this morpheme by these learners. The study is 
carried out in four schools in Yaounde: the Government Bilingual Primary School Mballa II, 
Lycée d’Anguissa, College Adventist and The University of Yaounde I. Data is collected from 
forty scripts equitably selected from these schools using random sampling. The data are 
analysed based on the Principles and Parameters theory in Second Language Acquisition. The 
general trends revealed in the findings include: French interference in the morphological 
parameter settings for the use of this affix, omission of the use of the affix where its use is 
necessary and over-generalization of the use of the affix to exceptional situations. However, 
some learners, especially those of Terminale and Level III, succeed in correctly setting the 
morphological parameter for this affix and thus use it correctly in their written English.
Keywords :
inflection, affix, interference, omission, over-generalization

Date Deposited : 25 Apr 2014 12:14

Last Modified : 25 Apr 2014 12:14

Official URL:

Volume 1, Number 1, - 2013 , ISSN 2325-0887

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