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International Journal of English Language Education

.: Home > International Journal of English Language Education > 2013 > Volume 1 Number 1 > 1. Sholeh Kolahi (Ph.D.); 2. Hajar Khanmohammad (Ph.D.); 3. Elaheh Shirvani (M.A.) (Corresponding author)

A Comparison of the Application of Readability Formulas in English Translation Textbooks and Their Translations

1. Sholeh Kolahi (Ph.D.); 2. Hajar Khanmohammad (Ph.D.); 3. Elaheh Shirvani (M.A.) (Corresponding author)
1. Dept. of English Language Studies, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Iran; 2. Dept. of English Language Studies, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Iran; 3. Dept. of English Language Studies, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Iran
Abstract :
The main concern of the present study was to compare the readability level of English 
textbooks for translation courses and their Persian translations using two readability formulas: 
the Gunning Fog Index (GFI) and the Flesch New Reading Ease (FNRE) Formula. To this 
end a corpus comprising five textbooks for translation studies and their Persian translations 
were chosen. The reason behind choosing these textbooks is that they are the only translation 
textbooks translated into Persian and they are sources frequently referred to, by lower 
proficient students. Two hundred and eighty four sample texts were chosen randomly and 
examined in terms of readability levels by GFI; one hundred and forty two sample texts from 
English textbooks of translation and one hundred and forty two sample texts which were the 
translations of the respective English sample texts. A total number of thirty sample texts 
which were chosen from two hundred and eighty four samples were also examined by FNRE Formula; fifteen sample texts from English textbooks of translation and fifteen sample texts 
which were translations of the respective English sample texts. These sample texts were 
chosen randomly from the beginning, middle and end of each translation textbooks and its 
Persian translation. Based on the outcomes of the research the average difficulty using GFI of 
English textbooks of translation was 16.4 while the average GFI score of their Persian 
translations was 20.1. This means that Persian textbooks of translation are 3.7 grade levels 
above their English originals in terms of readability. According to Gunning (1968) the higher 
the, the less readable the text is. According to the results obtained by FNRE Formula, the 
average score of English textbooks was 46.006 while the average score of Persian translations 
was 19.240. According to Flesch (1949) the higher the FNRE score, the more readable a text 
is. The findings of the study showed that translation textbooks which have been translated 
into Persian are less readable than their English originals.
Keywords :
readability, readability formulas, translation textbooks, Gunning Fog Index (GFI), Flesch New Reading Ease (FNRE) Formula

Date Deposited : 25 Apr 2014 14:16

Last Modified : 25 Apr 2014 14:16

Official URL: http://www.macrothink.org/journal/index.php/ijele/article/view/2963/2506

Volume 1, Number 1, - 2013 , ISSN 2325-0887

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