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International Journal of English Language Education

Oral Accuracy, Field Dependent/Independent Cognitive Styles and Corrective Feedback

Ali Mohammadi Darabad
M.A graduate in TEFL PO Box 13518–57195, Tehran, Iran
Abstract :
This study examined the effect of two types of corrective feedback (prompts and recasts) on 
oral accuracy of 150 Iranian elementary EFL participants (18–25 years old) considering their 
cognitive styles as being field dependent/independent (FD/FI) measured by Group Embedded 
Figures Test (GEFT). We used the Key English Test 2 (KET) (2003) as a placement test. Of 
these participants, based on the scores taken from placement test and group embedded figures 
test, 60 participants (30 field dependents and 30 field independents) were selected and 
randomly assigned into three groups (prompt, recast, and control groups) each of them 
containing 20 FD and FI members. The study followed placement test, GEFT, pre-test, 
treatment sessions, immediate post-test, and delayed post-test design. A mixed between-within 
subjects analysis of variance (SPANOVA) was conducted to assess the impact of the two 
different interventions (prompts, recasts) on participants scores on oral accuracy, across three 
time periods (pre-intervention, post-intervention, three weeks follow-up). There was a 
statistically significant interaction between program types (corrective feedback) and the time, 
and also a substantial main effect for that, with both groups showing an increase on the scores 
of oral accuracy across three time periods. The main effect comparing the two types of 
intervention was statistically significant suggesting a significant difference in the effectiveness 
of the two teaching approaches showing the superiority of prompts over recasts in post-tests. In 
the meantime, the results didn’t show any interaction between cognitive types and feedback 
conditions in terms of target language accuracy. 
Keywords :
Corrective feedback, Prompt, Recast, Cognitive styles, Field dependent/independent

Date Deposited : 25 Apr 2014 14:31

Last Modified : 25 Apr 2014 14:31

Official URL:

Volume 1, Number 1, - 2013 , ISSN 2325-0887

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