International Journal of English Language Education
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Using English Discourse Markers (EDMs) by Saudi EFL Learners: A Descriptive Approach
1. Sadeq Ali Saad Al-Yaari (Corresponding author); 2. Fayza Saleh Al Hammadi; 3. Salah Ayied Alyami; 4. Nassr Almaflehi
1.Independent Researchers, Dept. of English, College of Arts, King Saud University (KSU) Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 2. Associate prof., Dept. of English, College of Arts, King Faisal University, Al-Hassa Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 3. Assistant professor, Dept. of English, Dammam College of Technology, Dammam University Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 4. A professor of Statistics, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University (KSU) Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Background: The language of EFL learners is of special interests to linguists. Little research
has been tackled on issues concerning English Discourse Markers (EDMs) among Saudi EFL
Aims: Employing a corpus-based descriptive analysis, the current study attempts at detecting
EDMs in the talk of Saudi EFL learners, their frequency, use, usage, etc., in comparison to
other EFL learners as well as native speakers.
Methods: Two hundreds Saudi EFL learners were randomly selected from 20 public and
private schools (ten students from each school) across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).
Subjects were individually recorded while they were studying English in class. Recordings
were then linguistically and statistically analyzed by the researchers.
Conclusion: Results illustrate that EDMs “and”, “but” and “also” are the most frequent
EDMs in the talk of Saudi EFL learners. These devices are randomly used by Saudi EFL
learners who mix their use (appropriateness) with usage (correctedness) due to the influence
of their L1 (Arabic). In compare to other EFL learners (native and non-native), Saudi EFL
learners use less EDMs. These results confirmed the claims that EFL learners use EDMs less
than native speakers. This paper, although preliminary in nature, can help arrive a better
understanding of using EDMs by Saudi EFL learners. Further, it can also assist in getting
appropriate insights into the way how these EDMs are used in Arab Gulf countries. The
researchers decided to conduct an in-depth study into the use of EDMs in the oral work of
Saudi EFL learners.
English discourse markers, Saudi EFL learners, use, usage, frequency, native speakers
Date Deposited : 25 Apr 2014 15:01
Official URL: http://www.macrothink.org/journal/index.php/ijele/article/view/3058/2603
Last Modified : 25 Apr 2014 15:01
Volume 1, Number 2, - 2013 , ISSN 2325-0887
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