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International Journal of English Language Education

.: Home > International Journal of English Language Education > 2013 > Volume 1 Number 2 > 1. Sadeq Ali Saad Al-Yaari (Corresponding author); 2. Fayza Saleh Al Hammadi; 3. Salah Ayied Alyami; 4. Nassr Almaflehi; 5. Fahmi Mohammed Al-Senani.

Broca’s Area (BA) and Language Articulation: Evidence from Arab Broca’s Aphasic

1. Sadeq Ali Saad Al-Yaari (Corresponding author); 2. Fayza Saleh Al Hammadi; 3. Salah Ayied Alyami; 4. Nassr Almaflehi; 5. Fahmi Mohammed Al-Senani.
1. Independent Researcher, Dept. of English, College of Arts, King Saud University (KSU) Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 2. Associate prof., Dept. of English, College of Arts, King Faisal University, Al-Hassa Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 3. Assistant professor, Dept. of English, Dammam University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 4. A professor of Statistics, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University (KSU) Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 5. Consultant Neurologist, Neuroscience Center Deputy Director, Neurology Department Chairman, and Stroke Program Director-King Fahd Medical City (KFMC)
Abstract :
Background: Neurolinguists investigated the role of BA in language production in terms of 
what phonological or syntactic aspects are impaired.
Aims: The purpose of this study is to investigate the role played by Broca’s Area (BA) in 
articulating Arabic syllables, nouns, verbs, and sentences by studying Saudi patient with that 
developed Broca’s aphasia as a result of suffering from a stroke. 
Methods: After collecting data, one of the researchers interviewed the case at hand 5 times 
for 20 months (a session per 4 months). In each visit, the case was asked to repeat 84 Arabic 
syllables, 20 nouns, 20 verbs, and 20 sentences. The purpose of these sessions is to 
investigate whether or not Arabic phonological and syntactic aspects are affected in 
comparison to other languages. A test on production and selection of lexical items and 
another test on picture naming and selection were administered to the case. The researchers 
then transcoded the case’s speech by transliterating it using the transliteration system 
(Romanization) recommended by American Library Association- Library of Congress 
(ALA-LC). The last step was to analyze speech linguistically before it was statistically 
analyzed. 
Conclusions: Results of the present study show that both phonological and syntactic aspects 
of Arab Broca’s aphasics are impaired. Also, Arab Broca’s aphasics become unable to 
produce, name or select words and/ or pictures. Outlined findings have been discussed and 
analyzed with regard to the previous research and studies conducted on the same topic.
Keywords :
Broca’s Area, Arabic, Broca’s aphasic, case study, stroke, language articulation, aphasia

Date Deposited : 25 Apr 2014 15:44

Last Modified : 25 Apr 2014 15:44

Official URL: http://www.macrothink.org/journal/index.php/ijele/article/view/3064/2609

Volume 1, Number 2, - 2013 , ISSN 2325-0887

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