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International Journal of English Language Education

The Implementation of Speaking Fluency in Communicative Language Teaching: An Observation of Adopting the 4/3/2 Activity in High Schools in China

Yingjie I. J. Yang
University of Southern Queensland, Australia
Abstract :
Communicative language teaching is a very popular approach in the EFL class, which is also 
advocated in many Asian countries. Is it effectively applied in the Chinese EFL classes so far? 
The current situation of the communicative language teaching in China was not persistently 
implemented due to many constraints. However, this article aims to indentify a gap between 
the principle of CLT and its practice in the EFL class. The research in the article is associated 
with the EFL learners’ speaking fluency and the context of communicative language teaching. 
Thus, an observation of adopting the 4/3/2 activity in the high schools in China is to point out 
the lack of speaking fluency development is neither beneficial nor sufficient for CLT; to find 
out the major achievements of the speaking fluency practice in long term; and to justify the 
speaking fluency is a trainable skill in the context of CLT. Nonetheless, the obtained results 
indicate both the EFL teachers and learners are taken into account for the effectiveness and 
achievement of fluency development in speaking. Findings in data and factor analysis suggest 
that the EFL teachers should draw attention on relevant pedagogical implication and the EFL 
learners are strongly encouraged to put efforts on learning strategies. Such considerations are 
necessary to be involved in the EFL teaching and learning. Therefore, the conclusion of study 
is, within a collaborative learning environment, the implementation of the speaking fluency is 
took place dramatically to enhance the effectivenesses of CLT and that indeed needs a long 
term effort, patience and monitoring in the EFL class. 
Keywords :
speaking fluency, communicative language teaching – CLT, fluency development, the 4/3/2 activity, communicative competence, motivation, learning strategies, EFL teaching and learning

Date Deposited : 28 Apr 2014 10:47

Last Modified : 28 Apr 2014 10:47

Official URL:

Volume 2, Number 1, - 2014 , ISSN 2325-0887

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