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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2011 > Volume 10 Number 9 > Gislaine Regina Vieira Martins, Elizabeth Moreira dos Santos Schmidt, Adriano Torres Carrasco, Antonio Carlos Paulillo and Janine Denadai

Evaluation of Experimental Vaccination Against Newcastle Disease in Lovebirds (Agapornis roseicollis): Investigation of the State of Virus Carrier

Gislaine Regina Vieira Martins, Elizabeth Moreira dos Santos Schmidt, Adriano Torres Carrasco, Antonio Carlos Paulillo and Janine Denadai
Adriano Torres Carrasco , Antonio Carlos Paulillo and Janine Denadai 5 3,6 1,4 Aluna do Programa de Pos-graduacao em Medicina Veterinaria, 1 Faculdade de Ciencias Agrarias e Veterinarias, UNESP, Jaboticabal, Brazil Profa. Assistente Doutora, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia, 2 Depto. Clinica Veterinaria, UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil Prof. Titular, Faculdade de Ciencias Agrarias e Veterinarias, 3 Depto. de Patologia Veterinaria, UNESP, Jaboticabal, Brazil Bolsista FAPESP, Brazil 4 Docente - Medicina Veterinaria, 5 Universidade Estadual do Centro - Oeste - UNICENTRO, Parana, Brazil Research Fellow PQ/CNPq - Brazil
Abstract :

The aim of this study was to evaluate the importance of vaccination against Newcastle Disease (ND) in lovebirds (Agapornis roseicollis) and to investigate the state of carrier of the virus (NDV) in this species. There were used 48 lovebirds, distributed at random into 4 experimental groups: GI (Ulster 2C strain), GII (B1 strain), GIII (LaSota strain) and GIV (non-vaccinated group). At 12 months of age, all groups were challenged with a pathogenic virus (NDV) suspension (EID50 = 108.15/0.1 mL) and a group of Specific-Pathogen-Free (SPF) chicks were used as control of the virus. Cloacal swabs from each bird were collected after 9, 14 and 21 days post-challenge for detection of genome viral excretion by Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction RT-PCR. Lovebirds of GI, GII and GIII did not demonstrate any signs of ND. They were refractory to the clinical disease. In lovebirds from the control group, NDV genome was detected 9 and 21 days after challenge. Therefore it was demonstrated the state of carrier of NDV by lovebirds. In birds from the vaccinated groups, genome viral excretion was not detected by RT-PCR. It was also demonstrated the importance of the vaccination in the suppression of the state of virus carrier of ND in lovebirds.

Keywords :
Newcastle disease, lovebirds, Agapornis roseicollis , NDV carrier, vaccination

Date Deposited : 23 Feb 2015 10:09

Last Modified : 23 Feb 2015 10:09

Official URL: http://www.pjbs.org

Volume 10, Number 9, - 2011 , ISSN 1682-8356

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