UMM Logo

Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang


Free Download Journals Directory


International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2012 > Volume 11 Number 12 > B.R. Landers, R.A. Murarolli, R.E. Gelven, L.M. Brand, D.R. Ledoux, A.J. Bermudez and G.E. Rottinghaus

Effects of Melamine in Young Pekin Ducks

B.R. Landers, R.A. Murarolli, R.E. Gelven, L.M. Brand, D.R. Ledoux, A.J. Bermudez and G.E. Rottinghaus
D.R. Ledoux , A.J. Bermudez and G.E. Rottinghaus Division of Animal Sciences, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Department of Biomedical Science, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA
Abstract :

An experiment was conducted with male Pekin ducks to determine the toxicity of melamine (MEL) in young ducks fed dietary treatments from hatch to 21 days of age. Two hundred day-old male ducks were purchased from a commercial hatchery and assigned to one of ten treatment groups. Each treatment group consisted of five replicates with four ducks per replicate group. The diets contained 0.0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.0, 1.25, 1.50, 1.75, 2.0 and 2.25% MEL. Compared with controls, ducks fed > 1.0% MEL had reduced feed intake and body weight gain (P<0.0001). Compared to controls, relative kidney weights were higher (P<0.0001) in ducks fed diets containing > 1.0% MEL. Compared with controls, ducks fed > 0.25% MEL had increased (P<0.0001) kidney MEL concentrations, whereas ducks fed > 0.75% MEL had increased (P<0.0001) muscle concentrations of MEL. MEL concentrations in the bile increased as dietary inclusion increased. Renal histopathology of all ducks with treatment related deaths were uniform with moderate to severe multifocal accumulation of eosinophilic to basophilic mineralized casts within renal tubules and collecting tubules. Histopathology results suggest that > 1.5% MEL in the diet can cause severe renal pathology and mortality due to renal failure in ducks. The renal pathology observed in ducks was similar to that seen in other poultry species fed toxic concentrations of MEL.

Keywords :
Pekin duck, crystals, kidney, melamine toxicity

Date Deposited : 16 Mar 2015 09:57

Last Modified : 16 Mar 2015 10:12

Official URL: http://www.pjbs.org/ijps/back.htm

Volume 11, Number 12, - 2012 , ISSN 1682-8356

Download:
Full Text Original
Abstract : pdf doc
Home | Peta Situs | Admissions | Student Research | E-Journal
Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang © 2011
Developed by Infokom UMM
Last Update : 13 December 2016 20:46Kumpulan file jurnal