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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2013 > Volume 12 Number 11 > Richard K. Gast and Rupa Guraya

Continuing Multiplication of Salmonella enteritidis Strains in Egg Yolk During Refrigeration at 7.2oC

Richard K. Gast and Rupa Guraya
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Egg Safety and Quality Research Unit, Russell Research Center, 950 College Station Road, Athens, Georgia-30605, USA
Abstract :

The continuing attribution of human illness caused by Salmonella enteritidis to the consumption of contaminated eggs has led to widespread implementation of risk reduction programs for commercial egg production, often emphasizing prompt refrigeration of eggs to prevent bacterial multiplication to dangerously high levels. However, microbial growth may not cease immediately inside warm eggs after transfer to refrigerated storage. The present study compared the abilities of 8 S. enteritidis strains (of 4 phage types) to continue multiplying in experimentally contaminated egg yolk during the first 24 h after transition from warm to refrigeration temperatures. After 15 mL samples of egg yolk were inoculated with 10 CFU/ml of S. enteritidis, they were incubated at 37°C for 16 h and then transferred into refrigeration at 7.2°C for 24 h. Bacterial cell concentrations were determined following 37°C incubation and again after both 8 and 24 h at 7.2°C. All 8 S. enteritidis isolates multiplied significantly during 16 h of incubation, reaching an overall mean of log10 8.790 CFU/ml. After refrigeration, the observed mean values for cell concentrations in yolk samples were log10 8.780 CFU/mL at 8 h and log10 8.849 CFU/mL at 24 h. For 3 of 8 strains, a significant (p<0.05) increase in cell concentrations in egg yolk occurred during 24 h of refrigeration. These results support the importance of prompt egg refrigeration for minimizing the numbers of S. enteritidis in marketed table eggs, although refrigeration at 7.2°C may not immediately or completely arrest multiplication by all strains.

Keywords :
Salmonella enteritidis , egg yolk, multiplication, temperature, refrigeration

Date Deposited : 19 Mar 2015 10:48

Last Modified : 19 Mar 2015 10:48

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Volume 12, Number 11, - 2013 , ISSN 1682-8356

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