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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2014 > Volume 13 Number 10 > Adi Ratriyanto, Rysca Indreswari and Sunarto

Effects of Protein Levels and Supplementation of Methyl Group Donor on Nutrient Digestibility and Performance of Broiler Chickens in the Tropics

Adi Ratriyanto, Rysca Indreswari and Sunarto
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta-57126, Indonesia
Abstract :

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of protein levels and supplementation of methyl group donors on nutrient digestibility and performance of broiler chickens. Three experimental diets were formulated to have three levels of crude protein (23, 21.5 and 20%). Each protein level was supplemented with methyl group donor (methionine or betaine) and was categorized by: without supplementation (control), with supplementation of 0.14% methionine, 0.14% betaine and combination of 0.14% methionine plus 0.14% betaine. The diets were applied to 540 broiler chickens, which were randomly assigned to 3 x 4 factorial arrangement. Dietary with 21.5 and 20% protein and the supplementation of methyl group donor increased the digestibility of dry matter, crude protein and crude fiber (p<0.05). Dietary with 23 and 21.5% protein resulted in a higher daily gain and a lower abdominal fat compared to that with 20% protein (p<0.05). All methyl group donor supplementations increased carcass and breast yield, while only supplementation with betaine and methionine plus betaine decreased abdominal fat deposition (p<0.05). Therefore, it is concluded that dietary with 21.5% protein can be applied to broiler chickens. Supplementation of methyl group donor provided benefits, particularly to improve carcass characteristics of broilers.

Keywords :
broiler, protein, methionine, betaine, nutrient digestibility, performance

Date Deposited : 24 Mar 2015 12:31

Last Modified : 24 Mar 2015 12:31

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Volume 13, Number 10, - 2014 , ISSN 1682-8356

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