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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2014 > Volume 13 Number 10 > Nova Rugayah, Muladno, Henny Nuraini and Salundik

Chicken Bone Charcoal for Defluoridation of Groundwater in Indonesia

Nova Rugayah, Muladno, Henny Nuraini and Salundik
Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Animal Science and Fishery, Tadulako University, 1 Kampus Bumi Tadulako Tondo, Jl. Soekarno Hatta Km 9 Tondo, Palu Sulawesi Tengah-94118 Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, 2 Bogor Agricultural University, Jl. Agatis Kampus IPB, Darmaga, Bogor, Jawa Barat-16680 , Indonesia
Abstract :

Animal bone waste in Indonesia is quite high due to the high consumption of chicken, beef and pork. Bone charcoal is charcoal made from animal bones which can be utilized for reducing levels of fluoride (F) in groundwater. This study is aimed to assess the utilization of chicken bones into charcoal to reduce levels of fluoride (defluoridation) groundwater in Indonesia. Materials used in this study are chicken bones as raw materials for bone charcoal. The measured variables were (1) The quality of chicken bone charcoal, (2) Adsorption capacity of the bone charcoal to Fluoride in groundwater. The results showed that chicken bone charcoal consists of O2, Ca, P, C, Na, Mg and Al. Chicken bone charcoal has a quite high of the adsorption capacity as much as 67%. The more chicken bone charcoal is added to the higher percentage of Fluoride tends to increase the adsorption capacity up to 12 h. Therefore, chicken bone waste has a high potency to be processed become chicken bone charcoal for defluoridation of ground water.

Keywords :
Chicken bone charcoal, defluoridation, fluoride, groundwater

Date Deposited : 24 Mar 2015 12:48

Last Modified : 24 Mar 2015 12:48

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Volume 13, Number 10, - 2014 , ISSN 1682-8356

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