UMM Logo

Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang


Free Download Journals Directory


International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2014 > Volume 13 Number 12 > J.R. Lawal, S.M. Jajere, A.M. Bello, M. Mustapha, Y. Wakil, J.J. Ndahi, F.B. Mustapha, B.T. Paul, I.A. Gulani, U.I Ibrahim, Y.A. Geidam, A.G. Ambali and I. Waziri

Prevalence of Infectious Bursal Disease (Gumboro) Antibodies in Village Chickens in Gombe State, Northeastern Nigeria

J.R. Lawal, S.M. Jajere, A.M. Bello, M. Mustapha, Y. Wakil, J.J. Ndahi, F.B. Mustapha, B.T. Paul, I.A. Gulani, U.I Ibrahim, Y.A. Geidam, A.G. Ambali and I. Waziri
B.T. Paul , I.A. Gulani , U.I Ibrahim , Y.A. Geidam , A.G. Ambali and I. Waziri 3 1 1 1 4 5 Department of Veterinary Medicine, 1 Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, 2 Veterinary Teaching Hospital, 3 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 4 University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Gombe State, Nigeria
Abstract :

A cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2013 to March 2014 to determine the prevalence of Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) in 5 Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Gombe State, Northeastern Nigeria. A multi-stage random sampling technique was employed in the selection of 3 districts within each of these LGAs and 10 households within each selected district with moderate number of village chicken growers within the age range of 12-16 weeks old were selected. A total of 1500 cloacal samples comprising 651 males and 849 females were collected and tested for IBD antibodies using Rapid IBD Antigen Detection Test Kits (RADTK). Of this, 953 (63.5%; 95% CI: 61.06-65.94) were positive for the disease. A high prevalence of 84.4% (95% CI: 81.8-87.0) was obtained during the rainy season as compared with 40.3% (95% CI: 36.8-43.8) in the dry season (p<0.05). Males had a slightly higher prevalence of 59.9% (95% CI: 56.1-63.7) as compared with the female birds 52.2% (95%CI: 48.8-55.6) (p>0.05). Based on the LGAs, the prevalence ranges from 69.3% (OR = 1.45, 95% CI: 0.10-2.80) in Gombe to 61.0% in Funakaye LGA (p>0.05). Urban region had high prevalence of 37.6% (OR = 2.6; 95% CI: 1.79-3.41) as compared with 26.3% in the rural areas (p<0.001). It was concluded that IBD is endemic in Gombe State particularly within the urban city. Therefore, appropriate control and preventive measures were highlighted to mitigate the resultant economic losses to the backyard poultry farmers and halt further escalation of the disease.

Keywords :
Prevalen ce, Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD), rapid IBD Antigen Detection Test Kits (RADTK) , village chicken growers, Gombe state, Northeastern Nigeria

Date Deposited : 24 Mar 2015 14:18

Last Modified : 24 Mar 2015 14:18

Official URL: http://www.pjbs.org/ijps/ab2538.htm

Volume 13, Number 12, - 2014 , ISSN 1682-8356

Download:
Full Text Original
Abstract : pdf doc
Home | Peta Situs | Admissions | Student Research | E-Journal
Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang © 2011
Developed by Infokom UMM
Last Update : 13 December 2016 20:46Kumpulan file jurnal