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.: Home > Animal Science Papers and Reports > 2012 > Volume 30 Number 3 > Abd El-Nasser A. Mohammed 1 *, Mahmoud A. Abdelnabi 1 , Jacek A. Modlinski

Evaluation of anesthesia and reproductive performance upon diazepam and xylazine injection in rats

Abd El-Nasser A. Mohammed 1 *, Mahmoud A. Abdelnabi 1 , Jacek A. Modlinski
Department of Animal and Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Assiut, Assiut 71526, Egypt
Abstract :
The aims of the current study were to evaluate the effects of diazepam (D) and/or xylazine (X) on
the induction of sedation and anesthesia, performing ovarian transplantation and litter size upon
administration during pregnancy. One hundred and five albino rat females were classified randomly
into four groups given intraperitoneal (IP) injection of physiological saline (group I), diazepam
(6.2 mg /kg body weight - group II), xylazine (13.2 mg/kg/body weight - group III) and 6.2 mg/kg
body weight diazepam and 13.2 mg/kg body weight xylazine (group IV). Induction of sedation and
anesthesia were monitored. The onset of anesthesia, duration of surgical anesthesia and sleep time
after injections was recorded. Rectal temperatures were monitored at 0, 20, 40, 60 and 120 min
after injection. Blood samples were collected at 0 and 120 min post injection for determination
of hemoglobin, glucose and urea concentrations. Ovarian transplantation was performed in
females anesthesized with DX drugs. Mated females were injected with physiological saline, 6.2
mg/kg diazepam and/or 13.2 mg/kg xylazine at day 4, 11 and 18 of pregnancy and litter sizes were
recorded. Sedation was obtained after injection of diazepam or xylazine alone whereas surgical
anesthesia was obtained upon injection of both diazepam and xylazine. The onset of anesthesia,
duration of anesthesia and sleep time after DX injection was 4.6, 144.1 and 79.1 min, respectively.
Rectal temperature decreased (P<0.05) after injection of diazepam and/or xylazine. The hemoglobin
(P<0.05), glucose and urea blood concentrations increased after injection of diazepam and/or
xylazine. Upon ovarian transplantation, all animals recovered and ovarian follicles were found in
the transplanted ovaries. Number of offspring per animal did not differ due to diazepam and/or
xylazine injection at day 4, 11 and 18 of pregnancy. In conclusion, DX injection induced surgical
anesthesia in rats sufficient for performing major surgeries.
Keywords :
anesthesia / diazepam /ovarian follicles / xylazine

Date Deposited : 01 Apr 2015 15:50

Last Modified : 01 Apr 2015 15:50

Official URL: http://www.ighz.edu.pl/?p0=5&p1=34&o=7497

Volume 30, Number 3, - 2012

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