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.: Home > Animal Science Papers and Reports > 2012 > Volume 30 Number 4 > Edyta Gajos 1 , Edward Dymnicki

Beef production based on a suckling system as an alternative to milk production at the example of Polish Red cattle

Edyta Gajos 1 , Edward Dymnicki
Faculty of Economic Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
Abstract :
The population of Polish Red (PR) cattle systematically decreases because of its low milk production.
However, there are farmers, who are interested in keeping PR cows in the suckling system. The aim
of the study was to evaluate different forms of milk and beef production (combination of factors e.g.
fattening bulls, heifers raising, milk or beef production) characterizing farm production from the
rural economy point of view and to point out the most effective forms of cattle production based on
the data of PR cattle. The research was carried out on the example of the farm keeping PR cattle in
suckling system.
Linear programming method was used. The economic effectiveness of beef and milk production was
examined by optimizing different rearing forms. The goal of the optimization was to maximize the net
farm income. Parameters (all data necessary for the calculation of the demand for forage, people and
machine work) were established on the basis of The Catalogue of Standards and Norms by Klepacki
[1999] and records from farms keeping PR cows for beef and milk production. It was found, that the
participation of direct payments in total revenue in case of forms assuming milk production and beef
production is 28 and 44%, respectively. Cattle production is responsible for 60% of total revenues
in milk production, whilst for 36% in beef production. In the case of the latter, the highest net farm
income is possible to achieve in the form, which provides
heifers rearing for farm’s own needs and for
sale (including fattening bulls sold at the age of 24 months). In the case of milk production, the highest
net farm income is possible to achieve in the form, which assumes heifers raising only for farm’s own
needs (excluding fattening
Net farm income amounts to 25 409 E and 28 470 E, respectively,
while net farm income per cow is respectively 410 E/cow and 499 E/cow. Beef production based on
suckling system enables to achieve the income similar to that achieved from milk production though
unit profitability is much lower.
Keywords :
eef production /economic effectiveness / milk production / Polish Red cattle / suckling system

Date Deposited : 01 Apr 2015 16:07

Last Modified : 01 Apr 2015 16:07

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Volume 30, Number 4, - 2012

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