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.: Home > Animal Science Papers and Reports > 2013 > Volume 31 Number 1 > Joanna Kania-Gierdziewicz

Analysis of founder and ancestor contribution to the Golden and Labrador Retriever populations in the area of Cracow Branch of the Polish Kennel Club

Joanna Kania-Gierdziewicz
Department of Genetics and Animal Breeding, University of Agriculture, 30-059 Cracow, Al. Mickiewicza 24/28, Poland
Abstract :
The study examines the founder and ancestor contribution to the active population of Golden
retrievers (GR) and Labrador retrievers (LR) recorded in the herdbook of Cracow Branch of the
Polish Kennel Club. Pedigrees of 192 GR dogs (84 males and 108 females) born in 1998-2007 and 272
LR (110 males and 162 females) born in 1997-2007, were used. The effective numbers of founders
were 52 and 96 for GR and LR, respectively. In the GR reference population the contribution of 22
main founders explained about 51% of the gene pool. Four founders contributed from 2% to ca.
6% of genes; the others only 1-2%. Of the 23 main founders in the LR population four top founders
contributed from 2% to 4% of genes, while the rest only 1-2%. The group of the LR main founders
explained about 41% of the gene variation. In the GR population 28 main ancestors explained over
71% of their gene pool. Four GR ancestors made from 3% to over 9% gene contribution. The rest
of the GR ancestors contributed 1-3%. Also 28 main ancestors were found in the LR reference
population, with contributions explaining over 63% of variation. Six of them had the highest gene
contribution – from 3% to 6.5%, the next 5 – from 2% to about 3%, and the rest 1-2%. Six animals
in the GR reference population, and 5 in the LR, were both main founders and main ancestors. At
present, the gene pools of both populations are not endangered.
Keywords :
ancestor / founder / gene / Golden retriever / Labrador retriever / population

Date Deposited : 02 Apr 2015 09:41

Last Modified : 02 Apr 2015 09:41

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Volume 31, Number 1, - 2013

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