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Animal Bioresource in Japan

.: Home > Animal Bioresource in Japan > 2014 > Volume 63 Number 3 > Hiroaki Kobayashi, Haru Okamoto, Akira Murakami, Takeshi Iwata

Plasma Proteome Analysis on Cynomolgus Monkey (Macaca Fascicularis) Pedigrees with Early Onset Drusen Formation

Hiroaki Kobayashi, Haru Okamoto, Akira Murakami, Takeshi Iwata
1)Division of Molecular &Cellular Biology, National Institute of Sensory Organs, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, 2-5-1 Higashigaoka, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8902, Japan 2)Department of Ophthalmology, Juntendo University, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan
Abstract :

The central region of the primate retina is called macula. The fovea is located at the center of the macula, where the photoreceptors are concentrated to create neural network adapted for high visual acuity. Damage to the fovea by macular dystrophies and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) can reduce the central visual acuity. The molecular mechanisms leading to these diseases are most likely dependent on the proteins in macula differ from that in peripheral retina in expression level. Previously, we reported an early onset macular degeneration with drusen in cynomolgus monkey pedigrees. These monkeys show similar fundus findings of early stage of AMD at 2 years after birth. To elucidate mechanism of drusen formation and to find disease biomarkers for early stage of AMD, we performed plasma proteome analysis. Plasma samples were collected from four affected and control monkeys within the same pedigree. Successful fractionation of the plasma proteins by ProteoMiner and Gelfree8100 were confirmed by SDS-PAGE. Total of 245 proteins were identified from eight samples. From the results of spectral counting, we selected some proteins, Apolipoprotein E, Histidine-rich glycoprotein, and Retinol-binding protein 4 as candidate proteins that would be related with drusen formation. Candidate proteins would be potentially beneficial as biomarkers for human AMD. One of the identified proteins, Apolipoprotein E (ApoE), is structural component of drusen and also related with other neurodegenerative disease like Alzheimer disease. In this plasma proteome analysis, ApoE would be one of the possible factors of early drusen formation in these cynomolgus monkey pedigrees.

Keywords :
age-related macular degeneration, drusen, mass spectrometry, plasma, proteome

Date Deposited : 07 Apr 2015 10:24

Last Modified : 07 Apr 2015 10:24

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Volume 63, Number 3, - 2014

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