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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2015 > Volume 14 Number 10 > Harvey Febrianta, Vitus Dwi Yunianto and Bambang Sukamto

Effects of Pluchea indica Less Leaf Extract and Chlorine to Hematological Profiles of Broiler Chickens

Harvey Febrianta, Vitus Dwi Yunianto and Bambang Sukamto
Faculty of Animal Science and Agricultural Education, Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50275, Central Java, Indonesia
Abstract :

Pluchea indica Less is one of the medicinal plants which can be used as a natural feed additive to improve poultry production, especially broilers, while chlorine is used to inhibit bacteria growth. The purpose of this study was to assess and evaluate the effect of Pluchea indica Less leaf extract and chlorine to the hematological profile of broilers. The experimental design applied in this study was completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments were as follows T0: Basal feed without adding Pluchea indica Less leaf extract and chlorine; T1: Basal feed + 2% Pluchea indica Less leaf extract + 30 ppm chlorine; T2: Basal feed + 4% Pluchea indica Less leaf extract + 20 ppm chlorine; T3: Basal feed + 6% Pluchea indica Less leaf extract + 10 ppm chlorine; T4: Basal feed + 8% Pluchea indica Less leaf extract + 0 ppm chlorine. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) at the level of 95%, when the result was significant, means were separated by Duncan’s multiple range tests. The values were considered significant if P<0.05. The parameters measured were: number of erythrocytes, hematocrit, hemoglobin levels, number of leukocyte, and difference in leukocytes (lymphocytes, monocytes, and eosinophils) in broilers. Increased level of Pluchea indica Less leaf extract along with decreased level of chlorine showed significant result (P<0.05) to leukocytes, lymphocytes, monocytes, hemoglobin. On the other hand, the results for eosinophils, erythrocytes, and hematocrit were not significant (P>0.05). In conclusion, Pluchea indica Less leaf extract at the level of 8% was able to replace chlorine and also able to increase the number of leukocytes, hemoglobin levels, percentage of lymphocytes, and monocytes in broilers.

Keywords :
Pluchea indica Less leaf extract, chlorine, blood profiles, broilers

Date Deposited : 05 Jan 2016 09:41

Last Modified : 05 Jan 2016 09:41

Official URL: http://www.pjbs.org/ijps/14(10).htm

Volume 14, Number 10, - 2015 , ISSN 1682-8356

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