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Animal Bioresource in Japan

.: Home > Animal Bioresource in Japan > 2015 > Volume 64 Number 2 > Haruka SHOJI1), Yukiko KINIWA2), Ryuhei OKUYAMA2), Mu YANG1), Keiichi HIGUCHI1, 3), and Masayuki MORI4)

A nonsense nucleotide substitution in the oculocutaneous albinism II gene underlies the original pink-eyed dilution allele (Oca2p) in mice

Haruka SHOJI1), Yukiko KINIWA2), Ryuhei OKUYAMA2), Mu YANG1), Keiichi HIGUCHI1, 3), and Masayuki MORI4)
1)Department of Aging Biology, Institute of Pathogenesis and Disease Prevention, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621, Japan 2)Department of Dermatology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621, Japan 3)Department of Biological Sciences for Intractable Neurological Diseases, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Interdisciplinary Cluster for Cutting Edge Research, Shinshu University 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390- 8621, Japan 4)Department of Advanced Medicine for Health Promotion, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Interdisciplinary Cluster for Cutting Edge Research, Shinshu University, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621, Japan
Abstract :

The original pink-eyed dilution (p) on chromosome 7 is a very old spontaneous mutation in mice. The oculocutaneous albinism II (Oca2) gene has previously been identified as the p gene. Oca2 transcripts have been shown to be absent in the skin of SJL/J mice with the original p mutant allele (Oca2p); however, the molecular genetic lesion underlying the original Oca2p allele has never been reported. The NCT mouse (commonly known as Nakano cataract mouse) has a pink-eyed dilution phenotype, which prompted us to undertake a molecular genetic analysis of the Oca2 gene of this strain. Our genetic linkage analysis suggests that the locus for the pink-eyed dilution phenotype of NCT is tightly linked to the Oca2 locus. PCR cloning and nucleotide sequence analysis indicates that the NCT mouse has a nonsense nucleotide substitution at exon 7 of the Oca2 gene. Examination of three mouse strains (NZW/NSlc, SJL/J, and 129X1/SvJJmsSlc) with the original Oca2p allele revealed the presence of a nonsense nucleotide substitution identical to that in the NCT strain. RTPCR analysis revealed that the Oca2 transcripts were absent in the skin of NCT mice, suggesting intervention of the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway. Collectively, the data in this study indicate that the nonsense nucleotide substitution in the Oca2 gene underlies the Oca2p allele. Our data also indicate that the NCT mouse can be used not only as a cataract model, but also as a model for human type II oculocutaneous albinism. 

Keywords :
mouse, nonsense mutation, oculocutaneous albinism II, pink-eyed dilution

Date Deposited : 06 Jan 2016 11:36

Last Modified : 06 Jan 2016 11:36

Official URL: http://https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/expanim/64/2/_contents

Volume 64, Number 2, - 2015 , ISSN 171–179

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