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Non-Hsp genes are essential for HSF1-mediated maintenance of whole body homeostasis

Naoki Hayashida
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, 1-1-1 MinamiKogushi, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-8505, Japan
Abstract :

Mammalian tissues are always exposed to diverse threats from pathological conditions and aging. Therefore, the molecular systems that protect the cells from these threats are indispensable for cell survival. A variety of diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases, cause intracellular damage and disturb homeostasis. Heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) positively regulates heat shock protein (Hsp) and maintains the precise folding of proteins. Moreover, HSF1 induces the nonHsp genes expression, and degrades damaged/misfolded protein. Recently, my colleagues and I revealed non-Hsp genes have more protective roles than Hsps at the cellular level. However, whether these protective systems are similarly important to cellular defense in each tissue is still elusive. In this study, I compared polyglutamine (polyQ) protein aggregations/inclusion development in each tissue of WT- and HSF1KO-Huntington’s disease (HD) mice, and examined the expression of the eight non-Hsp HSF1 target genes that have a strong suppressive effect on polyQ protein aggregation. Of these genes, Nfatc2, Pdzk3, Cryab, Csrp2, and Prame were detected in most tissues, but the other genes were not. Surprisingly, the obvious effect of HSF1 deficiency on the expression of these five genes was detected in only heart, spleen, and stomach. In addition, polyQ protein aggregations/ inclusion was not detected in any tissues of WT-HD and HSF1KO-HD mice, but higher level of preaggregative polyQ protein was detected in HSF1KO-HD tissues. These results indicate non-Hsp genes are indispensable for the maintenance of intracellular homeostasis in mammalian tissues, resulting in whole body homeostasis

Keywords :
non-Hsp, HSF1, homeostasis, aggregations/inclusion, polyQ

Date Deposited : 07 Jan 2016 11:23

Last Modified : 07 Jan 2016 11:23

Official URL: http://

Volume 64, Number 4, October 2015 , ISSN 397–406

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