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Environmental Management and Sustainable Development

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Command-And-Control or Taxation? The Cases of Water Regulation in California and Denmark

Christina Oh, Gert Tinggaard Svendsen
Communications Manager of Worldwide Public Affairs The Walt Disney Company, MA International Studies Aarhus University, Denmark E-mail:
Abstract :

California and Denmark are both facing water scarcity issues as demand has increased and supply has decreased over the years. In order to solve this problem these two actors have chosen very different ways of dealing with sustaining an adequate amount of domestic water supply. California has chosen an ineffective command-and-control (CAC) tool, whereas Denmark has chosen the effective tool of taxation. One main explanation for this variation in policy choice is the variation in institutional setups, namely the corporatist route in Denmark versus the pluralistic route in California.

Keywords :
California, Denmark, Command-and-control, Taxation, Pluralism, Water regulation.

Date Deposited : 29 Jan 2016 11:02

Last Modified : 29 Jan 2016 11:02

Official URL:

Volume 4, Number 2, - 2015 , ISSN 2164-7682

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