International Journal Of Bilogical Sciences
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Microbubbles Enhance the Antitumor Effects of Sinoporphyrin Sodium Mediated Sonodynamic Therapy both In Vitro and In Vivo
Haiping Wang, Pan Wang, Li Li, Kun Zhang, Xiaobing Wang, Quanhong Liu
Key Laboratory of Medicinal Resources and Natural Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Ministry of Education, National Engineering Laboratory for Resource Developing of Endangered Chinese Crude Drugs in Northwest of China, College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, Shaanxi, China. Corresponding authors: Xiaobing Wang and Quanhong Liu. E-mail: Xiaobing Wang, email@example.com; Quanhong liu, firstname.lastname@example.org. Telephone: +86-29-85310275
Objectives: To evaluate the anti-cancer effect of sonodynamic therapy combined with microbubbles both in vitro and in vivo. Methods: Cell viability was measured by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide and guava viacount assays. Annexin V-FITC/PI staining was adopted to analyze cell apoptosis rate. FD500 uptake assay was performed to assess cell membrane permeability changes. Tumor weight, mice weight and the visual image of tumor size were used to reflect the anti-tumor effect of this combined method. Histological change of tumor tissue after different treatments was measured through hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. Results: Microbubbles can significantly enhance the cytotoxicity and necrocytosis rate induced by SDT treatment. Increased cell membrane permeability and more uptake of DVDMS were founded in SDT combined with microbubbles group. For in vivo experiments, SDT with microbubbles can significantly reduce tumor weight and size with pimping difference of mice weight compare with other treatment groups. In addition, microbubbles notably improved tumor tissue destruction caused by ultrasound and SDT treatment. Conclusion: The results suggest that microbubbles can markedly improve the anti-cancer effect of DVDMS mediate sonodynamic therapy both in vitro and in vivo.
Microbubble, sinoporphyrin sodium, sonodynamic therapy, tumor.
Date Deposited : 08 Mar 2016 13:31
Official URL: http://www.ijbs.com/v11i12
Last Modified : 08 Mar 2016 13:31
Volume 11, Number 12, - 2015 , ISSN 1449-2288
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