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International Journal Of Bilogical Sciences

.: Home > International Journal Of Bilogical Sciences > 2016 > Volume 12 Number 5 > Yixin Li, Jin Zhu, Yuanling Liu, Xi Chen, Shipeng Lei, Lingyu Li, Beibei Jiang, Li Tan, Shanshan Yu, Yong Zhao

Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3β Influences Injury Following Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion in Rats

Yixin Li, Jin Zhu, Yuanling Liu, Xi Chen, Shipeng Lei, Lingyu Li, Beibei Jiang, Li Tan, Shanshan Yu, Yong Zhao
1. Department of Pathology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China; 2. Institute of Neuroscience, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China; 3. Key Laboratory of Neurobiology, Chongqing Medical University, 400016 Chongqing, People’s Republic of China; 4. Department of Respiratory Medicine, Jiangjin Center Hospital, 402260, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China. Yixin Li and Jin Zhu contributed equally to this study. Corresponding authors: Shanshan Yu Or Yong Zhao. Department of Pathology, Chongqing Medical University, Yixueyuan Road 1, 400016 Chongqing, People’s Republic of China. Fax: 86-23-68485868 Telephone: 86-23-68485789 E-mail address: yushanshan2014@cqmu.edu.cn (Shanshan Yu) Or zhaoyong668@cqmu.edu.cn (Yong Zhao).
Abstract :

Abnormal activation of GSK-3β is associated with psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. However, no study has examined the effect of GSK-3β on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. We used oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) and middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) as models of ischemia/reperfusion in rats in vitro and in vivo. Our study showed that knockdown of GSK-3β with a GSK-3β siRNA virus improved injury and increased viability of neurons subjected to OGD/R. Levels of total Nrf2, nuclear Nrf2, and Nrf2 downstream proteins sulfiredoxin (Srx1) and thioredoxin (Trx1) increased after transfection with the GSK-3β siRNA virus. GSK-3β siRNA increased SOD activity and decreased MDA levels. Overexpression of GSK-3β with a pcDNA-GSK-3β virus showed opposite results. We also demonstrated that intracerebroventricular injection of GSK-3β siRNA in rats ameliorated neurological deficits, reduced brain infarct volume and water content, and reduced damage to cerebral cortical neurons after MCAO. Changes in total Nrf2, nuclear Nrf2, Srx1, Trx1, SOD, and MDA were similar to those observed in vitro. Our results show for the first time that GSK-3β can influence cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. The effects may be due to regulating the Nrf2/ARE pathway and decreasing oxidative stress. These results suggest a potential new drug target for clinical treatment of stroke.

Keywords :
glycogen synthase kinase-3β; cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury; NF-E2-related factor 2.

Date Deposited : 16 Mar 2016 12:53

Last Modified : 16 Mar 2016 12:53

Official URL: http://www.ijbs.com/v12i5

Volume 12, Number 5, - 2016 , ISSN 1449-2288

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