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.: Home > Animal Science Papers and Reports > 2011 > Volume 29 Number 3 > Anna Stachurska1,*, Ryszard Kolstrung1, Miros³aw Piêta2, Piotr Silmanowicz3

Hoof size as related to body size in the horse (Equus caballus)

Anna Stachurska1,*, Ryszard Kolstrung1, Miros³aw Piêta2, Piotr Silmanowicz3
1 Department of Horse Breeding and Use of the University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland 2 Department of Small Ruminants Breeding and Agriculture Advisory Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland 3 Department and Clinic of Animal Surgery of the University of Life Sciences in Lublin, G³êboka 30, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
Abstract :

The study was conducted to find out the most reliable parameter of the hoof size in relation to
the horse body size, exemplified in mares. The mares of four breeds belonging to different origin
types were examined: Purebred Arabian, halfbred Anglo-Arabian, primitive Polish Konik and
Polish Cold-Blood, 77 mares in total. The mares were four to 13 years old, classified into three age
groups. Three body measurements were taken: height at withers, chest circumference and cannon
circumference. The boniness index (cannon circumference to height at withers ratio) was also
defined. After trimming, three left fore hoof measurements were taken: toe length, solar length and
hoof width. Total length and width were calculated as a hoof solar size measure. On the basis of the
parameters obtained, nine fore hoof to body dimension ratios were defined. To evaluate the results,
least squares means analysis was used and correlation coefficients between body parameters (1),
between hoof parameters (2), as well as between body and hoof parameters (3) were identified.
The results show the hoof to body dimension ratios grow according to the increasing cannon
circumference to height at withers ratio. The hoof width to chest circumference ratio was found to
be a useful parameter of the hoof size. The means (%) obtained (5.93±0.10, 6.41±0.08, 6.56±0.11
and 7.26±0.09 in Purebred Arabian, Anglo-Arabian, Polish Konik and Polish Cold-Blood horses,
respectively) are suggested as standards to which individual ratios in mares of similar breeds may
be compared judging the horse’s conformation. The age hardly affected the hoof solar size to height
at withers ratio in mares four to nine years old.

Keywords :
body dimensions / fore hoof / hoof dimensions / horse size

Date Deposited : 21 Jun 2011 16:21

Last Modified : 21 Jun 2011 16:27

Official URL: http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/expanim/

Volume 29, Number 3, - 2011

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