UMM Logo

Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Free Download Journals Directory

International Journal of Law and Management

.: Home > International Journal of Law and Management > 2008 > Volume 2008 Number 3 > Armin von Bogdandy / Sergio Dellavalle

Universalism and Particularism as Paradigms of International Law

Armin von Bogdandy / Sergio Dellavalle
Max-Planck-Institute For Comparative Public Law and International Law
Abstract :

This contribution seeks to place theories about international law within the framework of their fundamental conceptual preconditions, within their “paradigms”. This should provide a better understanding of, and a more critical perspective on, the diverse and contrasting positions within international legal scholarship. We trace the impressive variety of visions of international law back to two competing paradigms: particularism and universalism. Particularism – from antiquity to structural neo-realism and neo-conservative thought – forms the basis of all theories of international law which assert that true public order is only possible within a homogeneous community. Accordingly, international law can at best provide some containment of disorder. In contrast, universalism – formulated in the stoic-rationalistic and Christian tradition and well alive in authors such as Tomuschat and Habermas – underlies all positions which assert that truly public order is in principle possible on a global scale. Granted, some authors, particularly post-modern ones, try to move beyond the two paradigms. They are not part of the focus of this paper, as the two remain to date powerful conceptual tools providing orientation for many international lawyers.

Keywords :
international law, Universalism, particularism and the legitimacy of public

Date Deposited : 24 Mar 2016 12:17

Last Modified : 24 Mar 2016 12:17

Official URL:

Volume 2008, Number 3, - 2008 , ISSN 1552-6275

Full Text Original
Abstract : pdf doc