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James Kraska & Daniel Rittschof
Howard S. Levie Professor at the Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College L.H. Snowdon Professor of Ecology at Duke University in the Division of Marine Science and Conservation
Abstract :

Vessel anti-fouling is key to the efficient operation of ships, and essential for effective control of invasive species introduced through international shipping. Anti-Fouling Systems, however, pose their own threats to marine environments. The Anti-Fouling Convention of 2001 banned the use of organotin compounds such as Tributyltin, and created a system for adoption of alternative anti-fouling biocides. In 2011, the Marine Environmental Protection Committee of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) released guidelines on bio-fouling management record keeping, installation, inspection, cleaning, maintenance, design and construction. Though these Guidelines provide a template for more effective and environmentally sound anti-fouling control and implementation, they are not mandatory. This article proposes that the member states of the IMO adopt the 2011 Guidelines as a mandatory instrument.

Keywords :
Anti-Fouling Convention, Biofouling Guidelines

Date Deposited : 29 Mar 2016 14:17

Last Modified : 29 Mar 2016 14:17

Official URL:

Volume 26, Number 1, - 2015 , ISSN 2328-9686

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