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Advances in Crop Science and Technology

.: Home > Advances in Crop Science and Technology > 2014 > Volume 2 Number 4 > Hadush Hagos 1* , Leul Mengistu 2 , Yusuf Kedir 3 and Kidane Tesfamicheal 1

Effect of First Irrigation Period on Sugarcane ( Saccharium officinarium L. ) Establishment in the Drought Areas of Tendaho, Ethiopia

Hadush Hagos 1* , Leul Mengistu 2 , Yusuf Kedir 3 and Kidane Tesfamicheal 1
1 Ethiopian Sugar Corporation, Research and Training, Agronomy and Crop Protection Research Team, Wonji Research Center, P.O.Box 15, Wonji, Ethiopia 2 Ethiopian Sugar Corporation, Research and Training, Sugarcane Production Research Directorate, Wonji Research Center, P.O.Box 15, Wonji, Ethiopia 3 Ethiopian Sugar Corporation, Research and Training, Soil and Irrigation Research Team, Wonji Research Center, P.O.Box 15, Wonji, Ethiopia
Abstract :

Field experiment was conducted to determine the effect of first irrigation period on sugarcane (Saccharium officinarium L.) establishment in the drought areas of Tendaho. Four levels of first irrigation application periods; 5 days pre-planting irrigation (DPI), 1 day after planting (DAP), 4 days after planting (DAP) and 8 days after planting(DAP) and four major varieties; N-14, NCO-334, CO-680 and B52-298 with high area coverage were used in a completely  randomized block design with 4*4*3 factorial treatment arrangements. Sprout and Tillering data’s were collected at 30-45 and 45-90 days after planting, respectively. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed that there was a significant interaction  effect  between  the  sugarcane  varieties  and  time  of  first  irrigation  (TFI)  (Varieties*TFI=p<0.0001) on  sprouting  rate,  number  of  tillers  per  hectare,  root  establishment  rate  and  number  of  dead  setts  buds  in  both  sugarcane  varieties.  The  maximum  sprouting  rate,  number  of  tailoring  root  establishment  were  recorded  with  the application of 5 days pre-planting irrigation and 1 day after planting irrigation in all varieties while the lowest sprouting rate, number of tillers, root establishment was recorded on the 8 days after planting first irrigation application in all varieties. Therefore, applying first irrigation, in early times (5 pre-planting irrigation and 1 days after planting) was highly recommended with better sprouting rate, number of tillers and root establishment to all varieties expecting high cane yield and sugar yield in the Tropical areas of Tendaho.

Keywords :
First irrigation; Establishment; Sprouting rate; Number of tillers

Date Deposited : 05 Apr 2016 15:17

Last Modified : 05 Apr 2016 15:17

Official URL: http://www.esciencecentral.org/journals/archive-advances-in-crop-science-and-technology-open-access.php

Volume 2, Number 4, November 2014 , ISSN ISSN: 2329-8863

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