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Advances in Crop Science and Technology

.: Home > Advances in Crop Science and Technology > 2014 > Volume 2 Number 3 > Mariam B Sticklen1*, Hussien F Alameldin1 and Hesham F Oraby2

Towards Cellulosic Biofuels Evolution: Using the Petro-Industry Model

Mariam B Sticklen1*, Hussien F Alameldin1 and Hesham F Oraby2
1Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA 2Cellulosic Biofuel Network, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Québec, Québec, Canada; and Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Egypt
Abstract :
While the United States owns only three percent (3%) of the total world petro-oil reserves, it uses over twenty-five percent (25%) of its total global output on an annual basis. Furthermore, the US petro-oil consumption is expected to double by 2050. While the sources for US oil are innumerable, many of the countries which contribute vastly to the US oil supply are economically and politically unstable. This has led to concerns about the security of the US oil supply, since a major political disturbance could be devastating. This article describes a model for the production of affordable and renewable biofuels as well asecombinant high-value industrial co-products from crop residues— waste products in today’s farming environment without competition between commodities critical to global food and feed supplies. This model represents a uniquely attractive business case giving the environmental and economic advantage it would have over petro-oil derived fuels and byproducts. Moreover, it can assist the developed nations to reduce their dependence on imported petro-oil fuels as well as improves the lives of agriculture producers in
developed and developing nations around the globe.
Keywords :
Cellulosic biofuels; Ethanol; Bioenrgy crops; Cellulose; Enzymatic hydrolysis; Recombinant co-product; Biopharmaceuticals; Petroindustry

Date Deposited : 07 Apr 2016 14:12

Last Modified : 07 Apr 2016 14:12

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Volume 2, Number 3, August 2014 , ISSN ISSN: 2329-8863

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