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Advances in Crop Science and Technology

.: Home > Advances in Crop Science and Technology > 2014 > Volume 2 Number 2 > Mohammed Amin*, Sileshi Fitsum, Thangavel Selvaraj and Negeri Mulugeta

Field Management of Anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) in Common Bean through Fungicides and Bioagents

Mohammed Amin*, Sileshi Fitsum, Thangavel Selvaraj and Negeri Mulugeta
Ambo University, Ethiopia
Abstract :
Common bean anthracnose is a major production constraint in bean growing regions of Ethiopia. This study aimed to determine whether foliar sprays of mancozeb, folpan and mancolaxyl or antagonistic bioagents; Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma viride and Pseudomonas fluorescens could reduce anthracnose symptoms and consequently, increase yield and yield components. A total of seven treatments were  rranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Statistical analysis showed
significant differences among treatments. Anthracnose incidence, severity, infected pods per plant and the area under disease progress curve were highest in the control plots compared to the fungicide sprayed and bioagent treated seed plots. The highest percentage of infected pods per plant of 78.9 and 55.0 recorded on the control and mancozeb sprayed plots, respectively. The highest AUDPC value resulted in the lowest yield of 1.01 t/ha in the control plots compared to a highest yield of 3.3 t/ha from the sprayed plots with folpan and 1.8 t/ha from plots treated with Pseudomonas fluorescens. Relative yield losses of 69.7, 46.3 and 22.8% were recorded from the control, seed treated plots with P. fluorescens and sprayed plots with mancolaxyl, respectively. Economic analysis revealed that the highest rate of return of 8,740 was obtained from Pseudomonas fluorescens seed treatment and the highest net benefit value of 43,154 calculated on folpan foliar spray treatment. The results of the present study support the novel possibility of using folpan foliar spray and Pseudomonas fluorescens seed treatments to decrease anthracnose symptoms in common bean and consequently, achieve greater yield
Keywords :
Bioagents, Folpan; Pseudomonas fluorescens; Mancolaxyl; Severity; Seed treatment

Date Deposited : 07 Apr 2016 14:34

Last Modified : 07 Apr 2016 14:34

Official URL: http://www.esciencecentral.org/journals/archive-advances-in-crop-science-and-technology-open-access.php

Volume 2, Number 2, April 2014 , ISSN ISSN: 2329-8863

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