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.: Home > Nature and Science > 2012 > Volume 10 Number 5 > Okonko IO1, Adeniji FO2, Okerentugba PO1, Anugweje KC3

DETECTION OF HIV 1 & 2 ANTIBODIES AMONG INTENDING BLOOD DONORS

Okonko IO1, Adeniji FO2, Okerentugba PO1, Anugweje KC3
1Medical Microbiology & Virology Unit, Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, East-West Road, P.M.B. 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria; 2Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, East-West Road, P.M.B. 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria; 3Department of Health Services, Lulu Briggs Health Centre, University of Port Harcourt, East-West Road, P.M.B. 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria; mac2finney@yahoo.com, iheanyi.okonko@uniport.edu.ng
Abstract :

This study was carried out to detect the presence of HIV antibodies among intending blood donors. Determine® HIV-1/2 Test cards (manufactured by Inverness Medical, Japan), Global® HIV-1/2 Kit (manufactured by Global Diagnostics, USA) and HIV -1/2 Stat- Pak® Assay (manufactured by Chembio Diagnostic Systems, USA) were used in a stepwise order for the detection of HIV-1 and HIV-2 in the blood. Overall prevalence rate of HIV was 17.5%. Age group 18-39 years of age had the highest prevalence of HIV (18.4%) compared to age group 40 years and above (14.6%). HIV antibodies were more prevalent among females (19.4%)] than their male counterparts (17.2%). Two risk factors (age and gender) pertinent to transmission of HIV were studied. No one appeared to be significantly associated (P> 0.05) with HIV-1/2 antibodies prevalence among the samples screened. This study however further confirmed the presence of HIV antibodies among intending blood donors. This calls for the need for an extensive blood screening practice in our blood banks. General surveillance and public health education to stop the spread of the infection from blood donors is advocated.

Keywords :
Antibody, blood donors, HIV, seropositivity, risk factors

Date Deposited : 16 May 2016 20:05

Last Modified : 16 May 2016 20:05

Official URL: http://www.sciencepub.net/nature/

Volume 10, Number 5, - 2012 , ISSN 1545-0740

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