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.: Home > Nature and Science > 2012 > Volume 10 Number 5 > K.N. Singh*1, Brij Lal1 and N.P. Todaria2

Ethnobotany of Higher Plants in Spiti Cold Desert of Western Himalaya

K.N. Singh*1, Brij Lal1 and N.P. Todaria2
1Biodiversity Division, Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, CSIR, Palampur-176 061, Himachal Pradesh, India 2Forestry Department, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar, Uttarakhand, India *knsingh.ecology@gmail.com
Abstract :

The present article deals with the plants used in traditional phytotherapy amongst indigenous people of Bhotia community of Indian western Himalaya. Ethnobotanical surveys were conducted during 2002–2009 in Spiti valley to collect information on traditional use of plant species as medicine from different localities. A total of 50 plant species belonging to 25 families; have been reported to be used for treating different ailments ranging from cough and cold to jaundice. Among the plant parts used as a remedy, leaves (31%) were recorded to be used to a large extent followed by flowers (17%), and whole plant (16%), respectively. The species reported are enumerated in tabular form with their family in alphabetical order followed by scientific name of plant and collection number. Local name of plant, part(s) used, locality, name of ailments treated, mode of preparation and prescription of medicine are given. Total 29 claims of herbal preparations utilized in traditional medicines have been identified as hitherto unknown or lesser known and are marked with asterisk (*). Information from selective relevant literature, are also provided for a comparative account on medicinal uses across communities and traditional systems of medicine in India.

Keywords :
Bhotia community; ethnobotany; indigenous phytotherapy; Spiti valley; traditional medicines; Western Himalaya

Date Deposited : 16 May 2016 20:06

Last Modified : 16 May 2016 20:06

Official URL: http://www.sciencepub.net/nature/

Volume 10, Number 5, - 2012 , ISSN 1545-0740

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