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.: Home > Nature and Science > 2012 > Volume 10 Number 9 > *1Orimoloye, J. R., 2Akinbola, G. E., 1Idoko, S. O., 1Waizah, Y. and 1Esemuede U.

Effects of Rubber Cultivation And Associated Land Use Types on The Properties of Surface Soils

*1Orimoloye, J. R., 2Akinbola, G. E., 1Idoko, S. O., 1Waizah, Y. and 1Esemuede U.
1Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, PMB 1049, Benin City, Nigeria 2Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria * orimoloyej@yahoo.com
Abstract :

The effects of rubber plantation of different ages on the surface soil properties were compared with other land use types associated with rubber cultivation in the rubber research Institute of Nigeria. The rubber plantations are young rubber (0- 8 years old), middle aged rubber (10-20 years old), old rubber (>25 years old), while the associated land use types are fallow/forest and arable farm. Soil samples collected at depths of 0-15 and 15-45 cm depths in three replicates were subjected to routine and microbial content analysis. The soils are predominantly sandy-loam textured in the surface layer in all the land use types. Soil acidity (pH) changes significantly from 4.30 in arable farm to 4.7 in young rubber plantations while organic carbon at 13.4 g/kg is significantly lower in arable cropping landuse than fallow/forest with 33.4 g/kg. The forest/fallow and old rubber landuse types are statistically similar on most parameters considered showing that rubber cultivation can be considered as ‘planted fallow’ and could be employed as a cheap and economically viable means of mitigating land degradation in the rubber belt of Nigeria.

Keywords :
Rubber; Cultivation; Land; Property; Surface; Soil

Date Deposited : 18 May 2016 19:40

Last Modified : 18 May 2016 19:40

Official URL: http://www.sciencepub.net/nature/

Volume 10, Number 9, - 2012 , ISSN 1545-0740

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