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.: Home > Nature and Science > 2012 > Volume 10 Number 9 > Obinna O.Nwankiti,1 Amarachi J. Ejekwolu2, James A. Ndako2, Solomon Chollom1, Emmanuel. Samuel.2

A Survey for Antibodies to Hepatitis C virus among Women of Childbearing Age

Obinna O.Nwankiti,1 Amarachi J. Ejekwolu2, James A. Ndako2, Solomon Chollom1, Emmanuel. Samuel.2
1National Veterinary Research Institute Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria. 2Federal College of Veterinary and Medical laboratory Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria. obee_nwankiti@yahoo.com.
Abstract :

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is now considered a pandemic. It has emerged as the most important cause of chronic liver disease world wide and an important cause of acute hepatitis and jaundice in pregnancy and its attendant complications. The disease prevalence was determined among 300 women of childbearing age attending Vom Christian Hospital, Plateau State, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was administered to each subject to obtain data on socio-demographic and risk factors that may be associated with their predisposition to the infection. One step HCV immunochromatographic test strip was used for the screening. 27 (9.0%) subjects were seropositive. Women in the age group 26-30 years had the highest seroprevalence of 9.3%. There was no significant association between age and HCV seroprevalence (x2 = 8.403, df = 5, P = 0.20). Seropositivity in some subjects was linked to a number of risk factors which included scarification and multiple sex partnership. The results obtained indicate the presence of HCV in the study area and the need for effective awareness to educate the public on preventive measures against contraction and transmission of the disease.

Keywords :
Hepatitis C virus, seropositivity, contraction, transmission.

Date Deposited : 18 May 2016 20:01

Last Modified : 18 May 2016 20:01

Official URL: http://www.sciencepub.net/nature/

Volume 10, Number 9, - 2012 , ISSN 1545-0740

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