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.: Home > Nature and Science > 2012 > Volume 10 Number 9 > Jonathan S.G1; Okon, C.B.1; Oyelakin A.O.2 and Oluranti OO3

Nutritional values of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) (Jacq. Fr.) Kumm. cultivated on different agricultural wastes

Jonathan S.G1; Okon, C.B.1; Oyelakin A.O.2 and Oluranti OO3
1Department of Botany and Microbiology University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria 2College Of Agriculture, Igbo-Ora.Nigeria. 3Department of Biological Sciences,Bowen University, Iwo.Nigeria sg.jonathan@mail.ui.edu.ng
Abstract :

In this study, different agricultural wastes such as (Oryza sativa straw, Gossypium hirsutum wastes andMilicia excelsa sawdust were used for the cultivation of oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. Fr.) Kumm.Different agricultural wastes were mixed evenly with Oryza sativa bran additive in other to enhance mycelial growth of this fungus. High moisture content (93.43%), crude protein (28.02%), fat contents (8.72%) and fiber contents (17.42%) of P. ostreatus were all recorded with cotton waste substrate supplemented with 20% rice bran. Results showed that this mushroom was deficient in vitamin A, but contained appreciable amount of vitamin B1, B2, B3, B6 and D. The average highest mushroom yield (6.42g) was recorded on cotton waste substrate +20% rice bran and the lowest mushroom weight (3.62g) was recorded on rice straw without rice bran. Highest biological Efficiency (B.E) was 93.6% while the lowest was 74.0%. Cotton waste was found to be the best substrate that supported the growth of this fungus.

Keywords :
Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation proximate composition, mineral element

Date Deposited : 18 May 2016 20:08

Last Modified : 18 May 2016 20:08

Official URL: http://www.sciencepub.net/nature/

Volume 10, Number 9, - 2012 , ISSN 1545-0740

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