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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2010 > Volume 9 Number 1 > W.L. Willis1, O.S. Isikhuemhen2, S. Ibrahim3, K. King3, R. Minor1 and E.I. Ohimain2

Effect of Dietary Fungus Myceliated Grain on Broiler Performance and Enteric Colonization with Bifidobacteria and Salmonella

W.L. Willis1, O.S. Isikhuemhen2, S. Ibrahim3, K. King3, R. Minor1 and E.I. Ohimain2
1Department of Animal Sciences, 2Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Design, 3Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Greensboro, North Carolina State University, North Carolina 27411, USA
Abstract :

An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of Fungus (Lentinula edodes) Myceliated
Grain (FMG) supplementation on production performance, leukocyte levels and growth of Bifidobacteria and
Salmonella populations in broiler chickens. A total of 240 broiler chickens were kept in floor pens and fed
a corn and soybean meal based diet with added fungus myceliated grain at 0% (control), 1%, 5% and 10%.
The four experimental feeding conditions were replicated six times with ten chicks per replicate. Parameters
measured were male and female live body weight, carcass yield, bursa and spleen weights, Salmonella sp.
and Bifidobacteria fecal populations and blood differential cell counts. The results from this study revealed
no significant differences between treatments in male or female body weight, carcass yield, spleen or bursa
weight. Significantly (p<0.05) higher Bifidobacteria populations were observed in the 5 and 10% (FMG)
treatments. In contrast, a lower Salmonella fecal population (log value) was observed in the 10% (FMG)
treatment. The heterophil percent was significantly (p<0.05) higher utilizing the 1% (FMG) supplements with
lower lymphocyte percentages compared with other treatments. The results from this study indicate that
fungus myceliated grain tested at all levels of inclusion did not adversely affect production performance and
at higher levels led to increased Bifidobacteria and reduction in Salmonella. It is concluded that this feedstuff
having beneficial properties from the fungal species is suitable as a broiler chicken food supplement.

Keywords :
Broilers, fungus myceliated grain, Bifidobacteria, growth performance

Date Deposited : 25 Jun 2011 10:08

Last Modified : 25 Jun 2011 10:08

Official URL:

Volume 9, Number 1, - 2010 , ISSN 1682-8356

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