UMM Logo

Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang


Free Download Journals Directory


International Journal Of Bilogical Sciences

.: Home > International Journal Of Bilogical Sciences > 2016 > Volume 12 Number 8 > Mariany Ashanty Morales1,2, Bianca Marie Mendoza1, Laura Corley Lavine1, Mark Daniel Lavine1, Douglas Bruce Walsh2, Fang Zhu1,2

Selection of Reference Genes for Expression Studies of Xenobiotic Adaptation in Tetranychus urticae

Mariany Ashanty Morales1,2, Bianca Marie Mendoza1, Laura Corley Lavine1, Mark Daniel Lavine1, Douglas Bruce Walsh2, Fang Zhu1,2
1. Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA; 2. Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Washington State University, Prosser, WA 99350, USA.  Corresponding author: Dr. Fang Zhu, Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, 99164 USA. Phone: +1- 509-335-0480 Fax: +1- 509-335-1009 Email: fang.zhu@wsu.edu.
Abstract :

Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) is an extensively used, high-throughput method to analyze transcriptional expression of genes of interest. An appropriate normalization strategy with reliable reference genes is required for calculating gene expression across diverse experimental conditions. In this study, we aim to identify the most stable reference genes for expression studies of xenobiotic adaptation in Tetranychus urticae, an extremely polyphagous herbivore causing significant yield reduction of agriculture. We chose eight commonly used housekeeping genes as candidates. The qRT-PCR expression data for these genes were evaluated from seven populations: a susceptible and three acaricide resistant populations feeding on lima beans, and three other susceptible populations which had been shifted host from lima beans to three other plant species. The stability of the candidate reference genes was then assessed using four different algorithms (comparative ΔCt method, geNorm, NormFinder, and BestKeeper). Additionally, we used an online web-based tool (RefFinder) to assign an overall final rank for each candidate gene. Our study found that CycA and Rp49 are best for investigating gene expression in acaricide susceptible and resistant populations. GAPDH, Rp49, and Rpl18 are best for host plant shift studies. And GAPDH and Rp49 were the most stable reference genes when investigating gene expression under changes in both experimental conditions. These results will facilitate research in revealing molecular mechanisms underlying the xenobiotic adaptation of this notorious agricultural pest.

Keywords :
xenobiotics adaptation, reference gene, constitutive expression, qRT-PCR, analysis parameters.

Date Deposited : 07 Nov 2016 20:18

Last Modified : 07 Nov 2016 20:18

Official URL: http://www.ijbs.com/v12i9

Volume 12, Number 8, August 2016

Download:
Full Text Original
Abstract : pdf doc