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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2010 > Volume 9 Number 3 > Fidelis Aondover Gberindyer1, Noel Wannang2 and Chinedu Adive Akwuobu3

Comparative Pharmacokinetics/Pharmacodynamic Modeling on Three Brands of 10% Enrofloxacin Oral Formulations in Broiler Chickens

Fidelis Aondover Gberindyer1, Noel Wannang2 and Chinedu Adive Akwuobu3
1Department of Veterinary Physiology, Pharmacology and Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria 2Department of Pharmacology, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria 3Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Abstract :

A comparative plasma pharmacokinetics/Pharmacodynamic modeling of enrofloxacin following
administration of three brands of 10% enrofloxacin was studied in healthy broiler chickens using a
randomized and parallel design. Pre-treatment and post-treatment samples were obtained from brachial
or right jugular veins after having administered 20 mg/kg b.w of enrofloxacin at 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12
and 24 h. Plasma samples were analyzed for enrofloxacin concentration by a simple agar disk diffusion
microbiological assay. Selected pharmacokinetics parameters were calculated using a  non-compartmental model. There was a significant difference in the plasma concentration-time and pharmacokinetics profiles (p<0.05) of the three brands. But the plasma concentrations of enrofloxacin exceeded the MIC for most 90 pathogenic bacterial organisms in poultry in all the groups. The PK/PD integration (C /MIC ) values, 16.67, max 90 15.17 and 10.5 h were obtained in animals administered conflox®-vet, kenflox® and pulmotryl® formulations respectively. This correlates with high efficacy and reduced chances for the development of resistant pathogenic bacterial organisms following oral administration of these brands of enrofloxacin oral formulations in broiler chickens.

Keywords :
Pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, enrofloxacin, brands, resistance, chickens

Date Deposited : 25 Jun 2011 11:02

Last Modified : 25 Jun 2011 11:02

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Volume 9, Number 3, - 2010 , ISSN 1682-8356

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