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.: Home > Nature and Science > 2016 > Volume 14 Number 4 > Somayyeh Pourgachi1 , Sedigheh Heidarinejad2 , Nahid Shetab Bushehri3 , Amin Khatibi4

The barriers to promote female athletes in Khuzestan Premier League

Somayyeh Pourgachi1 , Sedigheh Heidarinejad2 , Nahid Shetab Bushehri3 , Amin Khatibi4
Sport Management Master Student, 2 Associate Professor of Sport Management, 3 Assistant Professor of Sport Psychology, 4 Assistant Professor of Sport Management Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz
Abstract :

The main objective of this research was to identify the barriers to promote female athletes in Khuzestan Premier League. Given the lack of proper tools to investigate the barriers, a questionnaire was first designed and its validity was evaluated in three stages. In the first step, after literature review, semi-structured interviews were conducted with female athletes and a primary questionnaire with 62 items was prepared. After review by the research team, the overlapping items were removed and finally 54 items were identified. In the second step, exploratory factor analysis was used to reduce the number of items and to identify more relevant items. Removing 8 items, 46 items remained and classified in 9 main factors. In the third step, the validity of the structure and test was evaluated by partial least squares method. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to verify the validity. The results showed that the 8-factor model fits better than the other models. Accordingly, 8 main factors with 43 questions were identified as barriers to the promotion of female athletes in Khuzestan province to the top sports ranks including gender and culture, costs and career, community impact, gender inequality in sports organizations, corruption in sports organizations, management factors, technical factors and gender attitudes. 

Keywords :
Reliability, barriers to promote female athletes, Khuzestan province

Date Deposited : 22 Nov 2016 19:25

Last Modified : 22 Nov 2016 19:25

Official URL: http://www.sciencepub.net/nature/

Volume 14, Number 4, - 2016

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