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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2010 > Volume 9 Number 4 > T.E. Lawal1, E.A. Iyayi2, B.A. Adeniyi3 and O.A. Adaramoye4

Extraction of Enzymes from Four Fungi and Their Use to Improve the Nutritive Value of Groundnut Pod for Broiler Feeding

T.E. Lawal1, E.A. Iyayi2, B.A. Adeniyi3 and O.A. Adaramoye4
1Department of Animal Science and Fisheries Management, Bowen University, Iwo, Nigeria 2Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria 3Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria 4Department of Biochemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Abstract :

Enzymes were extracted from four fungi: Aspergillus niger, Trichoderma viride, Rhizopus stolonifer
and Mucor mucedo. The purified enzyme extracts were used to degrade Groundnut Pod (GNP) in solid state. Undegraded GNP-, degraded GNP- and Roxazyme G2G-based diets were fed to starter and finisher broilers at the rates 70 and 100 g kg-1 of diet, respectively. There was a production of a broad spectrum of enzymes from the 4 fungi. Treatment of the GNP with the fungal enzyme extracts caused a more significant (p<0.05) reduction in the crude fibre and complex carbohydrate fractions and an increase in the crude protein, metabolizable energy and phosphorus in the GNP compared to the undegraded and Roxazyme treated GNP. The amounts of glucose, fructose, galactose and sucrose in the GNP were significantly (p<0.05) increased on biodegradation with the fungal enzyme extracts. Enzyme extracts from M. mucedo and R. stolonifer were more superior in this regard compared to extracts from the other fungi. Diets containing the degraded GNP resulted in significantly (p<0.05) reduced viscosity, better apparent nutrient digestibility and performance in broilers compared to the other diets. Results suggest the possibility of production of a multienzyme complex from some common tropical fungi. These enzyme complexes are more effective in biodegrading complex carbohydrates of by-products like GNP than Roxazyme which is specific for cereal based diets.

Keywords :
Fungi, enzyme extracts, groundnut pod, biodegradation, broilers, performance

Date Deposited : 25 Jun 2011 13:33

Last Modified : 25 Jun 2011 13:33

Official URL: http://www.pjbs.org/ijps/ijps.htm

Volume 9, Number 4, - 2010 , ISSN 1682-8356

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