UMM Logo

Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Free Download Journals Directory

International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2010 > Volume 9 Number 6 > M.A. Al-Harthi1, A.A. El-Deek1 and Y.A. Attia2

Utilization of Dried Whole Eggs Processed by Different Methods with or Without Growth Promoting Mixture on Performance and Lymphoid Organs of Broiler Chicks

M.A. Al-Harthi1, A.A. El-Deek1 and Y.A. Attia2
1Department of Arid Land Agriculture, Meteorology, Environment and Arid Land Agriculture College, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 2Department of Animal and Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture-Damanhour Branch, Alexandria University, Damanhour 22516, Egypt
Abstract :

Rejected eggs were collected and dried at 55oC. Thereafter, Dried Whole Eggs (DWE) were
processed by different methods e.g. freezing for 48 h at -18oC, freezing with boiling for 15 min at 100oC or autoclaving for 20 min at 120oC with a pressure of 1 kg/cm2. The DWE processed by different methods were fed to broiler chickens during 3-41 d of age at 0, 3.5 and 7.0%. Diets were fed without or with Growth Promoting Mixture (GPM) containing probiotic 0.5 g, Vit C 0.5, black pepper 0.5 g, red pepper 0.5 g/kg diet), thus there were fourteen experimental treatments. Growth was not affected by level of DWE and/or processing way, while GPM significantly increased growth. Feed intake significantly increased by autoclaving, whilst inclusion of DWE at either level significantly decreased feed intake and there was a significant interaction between DWE level and processing method for feed intake. DWE at either 3.5 or 7% significantly improved FCR similarly. Moreover, GPM supplementation improved Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) within each level. Supplementation of GPM significantly increased absolute and relative weight of bursa, while the opposite trend was shown in thymus parameters. Abdominal fat, plasma total protein, albumin significantly decreased although plasma total lipids significantly increased due to GPM supplementation. Abdominal fat significantly decreased, and plasma total lipids significantly increased due to autoclaving, whilst freezing with boiling increased plasma cholesterol. Heart and pancreas significantly increased, however skin colour significantly decreased due to inclusion of frozen with boiled DWE. Increasing DWE level resulted in significant linear increase in heart and pancreas, whilst skin colour significantly decreased due to 3.5% DWE and GPM supplementation. Plasma cholesterol exhibited a significant linear increase with increasing DWE level.

Keywords :
Dried whole eggs, growth promoting mixture, broiler performance, lymphoid organs, biochemical constituents of blood

Date Deposited : 27 Jun 2011 10:54

Last Modified : 27 Jun 2011 10:54

Official URL:

Volume 9, Number 6, - 2010 , ISSN 1682-8356

Full Text Original
Abstract : pdf doc