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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2010 > Volume 9 Number 7 > O.B. Oloyede1, J.B. Minari2 and N.O. Muhammad1

Evaluation of Growth Characteristics and Haematological Indices of Broiler-chicks Fed Raw and Processed Bambara Groundnut Seed as a Component of Poultry Feed

O.B. Oloyede1, J.B. Minari2 and N.O. Muhammad1
1Department of Biochemistry, University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria 2Department of Biochemistry, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Osun State, Nigeria
Abstract :

Sixty broiler chicks (day-old) were used in a 4-week feeding experiment to assess the growth
response and heamatological variables of broilers-chicks fed raw, roasted and fermented bambara
groundnut as a sole source of protein. Soybean based diet served as the control. There were four (4)
experimental groups, each made up of five birds in three replicates, allocated to the experimental diets. The results showed that the average final live weight, average weekly weight gain and average feed intake of birds fed fermented bambara groundnut performed better than birds fed roasted bambara groundnut but
demonstrated inferiority when compared to the control. Among other organs measured the relative weight
of gizzard were significantly (p<0.05) influenced by the dietary treatment. Protein quality as revealed by the
haematological parameters, like Haemoglobin (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and Red Blood Cell (RBC)
levels indicated that fermented based diet fed to the birds performed better than but demonstrated inferiority when compare with the soybean based diet. However, the results showed that raw bambara groundnut based diet has a high protein quality when compared with the control diet. The use of bambara groundnut therefore in the feeding of broilers in the developing countries if properly harnessed and processed can make poultry production affordable.

Keywords :
Bambara groundnut, protein quality, haematological indices

Date Deposited : 27 Jun 2011 12:32

Last Modified : 27 Jun 2011 12:32

Official URL: http://www.pjbs.org/ijps/ijps.htm

Volume 9, Number 7, - 2010 , ISSN 1682-8356

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