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International Journal of Poultry Science

.: Home > International Journal of Poultry Science > 2010 > Volume 9 Number 10 > Fagbamila Idowu , Kabir Junaid , Abdu Paul 1 2 3, Omeiza Gabriel4, Ankeli Paul1,Ngulukun Sati1, Muhammad Maryam1 and Umoh Jarlath2

Antimicrobial Screening of Commercial Eggs and Determination of Tetracycline Residue Using Two Microbiological Methods

Fagbamila Idowu , Kabir Junaid , Abdu Paul 1 2 3, Omeiza Gabriel4, Ankeli Paul1,Ngulukun Sati1, Muhammad Maryam1 and Umoh Jarlath2
1Bacterial Research Division, National Veterinary Research Institute, P.O. Box 01, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria 2Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria 3Department of Veterinary Surgery and Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria 4Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Abuja, Nigeria
Abstract :

Thirty commercial layer farms were surveyed to obtain information on drug use and to screen eggs for antimicrobial residues. Tetracycline residue was specifically tested using a commercial test kit. The study indicated that up to a third of farmers (33.3%) were not adhering to the recommendation on drug use and thereby allowing drug residues in eggs. Of the 900 commercial eggs screened, 3.6% tested positive for antimicrobial residues but only 0.1% tested positive for tetracycline residue. The low level of tetracycline residue detected in this study is an indication of the declining use of this antibiotic in the poultry industry
perhaps due to the increasing availability of cheaper alternatives. There is a need for strict regulation of
veterinary drug in order to guarantee food safety and effective use. To ensure compliance with drug use in
Nigeria, routine surveillance must be conducted using simple detection methods.

Keywords :
Antimicrobials, commercial eggs, residues, tetracycline

Date Deposited : 28 Jun 2011 11:06

Last Modified : 28 Jun 2011 11:06

Official URL: http://www.pjbs.org/ijps/ijps.htm

Volume 9, Number 10, - 2010 , ISSN 1682-8356

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