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.: Home > International Journal of Medical Sciences > 2011 > Volume 8 Number 4 > Toshiyuki Sakaeda 1ƒx, Kaori Kadoyama 1, Hiroaki Yabuuchi 2,3, Satoshi Niijima 2, Kyoko Seki 4, Yukinari Shiraishi 4 and Yasushi Okuno 2, 3ƒx

Platinum Agent-Induced Hypersensitivity Reactions: Data Mining of the Public Version of the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System, AERS

Toshiyuki Sakaeda 1ƒx, Kaori Kadoyama 1, Hiroaki Yabuuchi 2,3, Satoshi Niijima 2, Kyoko Seki 4, Yukinari Shiraishi 4 and Yasushi Okuno 2, 3ƒx
1. Center for Development of Integrative Education in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Phar-maceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan 2. Department of Systems Biosciences for Drug Discovery, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan 3. Kyoto Constella Technologies Co., Ltd., Kyoto 604-8156, Japan 4. Department of Pharmacy, Japan Labour Health and Welfare Organization, Kobe Rosai Hospital, Kobe 651-0053, Japan
Abstract :

Objective: Adverse event reports (AERs) submitted to the US Food and Drug Admin-istration (FDA) were reviewed to confirm the platinum agent-associated mild, severe, and lethal hypersensitivity reactions.
Methods: Authorized pharmacovigilance tools were used for quantitative signal detec-tion, including the proportional reporting ratio, the reporting odds ratio, the information component given by a Bayesian confidence propagation neural network, and the empir-ical Bayes geometric mean. Excess2, given by the multi-item gamma Poisson Shrinker algorithm, was used to evaluate the effects of dexamethasone and diphenhydramine on oxaliplatin-induced hypersensitivity reactions.
Results: Based on 1,644,220 AERs from 2004 to 2009, carboplatin and oxaliplatin proved to cause mild, severe, and lethal hypersensitivity reactions, whereas cisplatin did not. Dexamethasone affected oxaliplatin-induced mild hypersensitivity reactions, but had lesser effects on severe and lethal reactions. The effects of diphenhydramine were not confirmed.
Conclusion: The FDA’s adverse event reporting system, AERS, with optimized data mining tools is useful to authorize potential associations between platinum agents and hypersensitivity reactions.

Keywords :
adverse event, AERS, platinum agent, hypersensitivity

Date Deposited : 04 Jul 2011 11:16

Last Modified : 04 Jul 2011 11:16

Official URL: http://www.medsci.org/

Volume 8, Number 4, - 2011 , ISSN 1449-1907

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